District Profile

West Godavari district is one of the 13 districts in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The district is situated in Coastal Andhraregion of the state. Eluru is the administrative headquarters of the district. As of 2011 census of India, it has an area of 7,742 km2 (2,989 sq mi) and a population of 3,936,966. It is bounded by Krishna district on the west, East Godavari district on the east, Bay of Bengal on the south and the state of Telangana on the north.

 

History

Eluru was a part of the Buddhist kingdom of Vengi. The Eastern Chalukyas ruled coastal Andhra from 700 to 1200, with Vengi, near Pedavegi village, as their capital. Historical evidences are found at the villages, Pedavegi and Guntupalli (Jilakarragudem). Eluru then became a part of the Kalinga Empire until 1471. Later it fell into the hands of the Gajapathis. In 1515 Sri Krishna Deva Raya captured it. After the fall of the Vijayanagara Kingdom, it was taken by the Sultan of Golkonda, Kutub Shah. In 1925, West Godavari District was formed with Eluru as its headquarters and all the district offices and  regional offices were set up in Eluru  city.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eluru District Collector Office

 

West Godavari district was formed from old Godavari district in the year 1925. The Godavari district was renamed as East Godavari district and the new district is named as West Godavari district

Geography

The district occupies an area of 7,742 km2 (2,989 sq mi). The district is bounded by Khammam district on the north, Bay of Bengalon the south. The Godavari River separates East Godavari district on east and Tammileru River and Kolleru Lake separates it from Krishna district on the west

Rivers and Topography

S.No.

Name of the Basin

 % of the Area covered

01

Godavari

20.20%

02

Yerrakaluva

48.10%

03

Tammileru

26.80%

04

Ramileru

01.40%

05

Kolleru

3.50%

 

 

River Tammileru near Eluru

West Godavari is a flat country with a slight eastern slope along the rivers of the district flow. The rivers in the West Godavari district generally flow from West to East. Three rivers cut through the district are Godavari, Yerrakaluva and Tammileru. Dowleswaram barrage, Eluru canal, Vijayarai Anicut, Tammileru, Jalleru and Yerrakaluva reservoirs are the source of irrigation

Climate

The region has a tropical climate similar to the rest of the Coastal Andhra region. The summers (March–June) are very hot and dry while the winters are fairly pleasant. The temperatures in the summers often rise over 50 degrees during the day. The rainy season (July–December) is often the best time for tourist visits, as fields are brilliantly green with paddy crops, rivers flowing with monsoon water, and a relatively cool climate. The region has long been home to the Indian nobles due to its climate and fertile soil, and several zamindar large mansions are scattered around the Godavari area.

 

                Caves on Dhammalingesvarasvami Hill at Guntupalle

 

 

 

 

 

 

Demographics

As of 2011 Census of India, West Godavari district has a population of 3,936,966 with 1,091,525 households, which is the 11th most populous district in the state. The district population is approximately equals to the population of Liberia and Oregon.

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In Andhra Pradesh, the West Godavari district is the 19th largest in terms of area with an area of 7,742 km2 (2,989 sq mi) and has a population density of 509/km2 (1,320/sq mi), which is the fourth most densely populated district in the state

Its population growth rateover the decade 2001-2011 was 3.45%. West Godavari has a sex ratio of 1004 females for every 1000 males and stands it at eighth position. It stands at first position in terms of literacy rate in Andhra Pradesh with 26,52,389 (74.63%) literates

 

Economy

Agriculture is one of the main occupation in the district with the main produce being paddy. Sugarcane, cashew nut, mango, coconut and tobacco are other important crops Apart from agriculture, the farmers also indulge in aquaculture activities, such as, pisciculture and shrimp production. Wooden Pile Carpet Industry in Eluru produces eco-friendly carpets from wool and are exported to foreign countries as well.

Culture

Culture and traditions at Kalavalapalli village in West Godavari district

 

Telugu is the most widely spoken language

Vedas, which has oral heritage recognition from by UNESCO are taught at Sri Venkateswara Veda Patasala of I.Bhimavaram village in the district.

Dwaraka Tirumala Temple Gopuram

Tourism and landmarks

There are many landmarks and tourism destinations in the district. Eluru is the largest city of the district with many destinations related to Buddhists and Archeological importance such asGuntupalli Caves near the city.  Eluru city hosts 74feet high Buddha statue in the heart of the city.

Buddha Park at Eluru

Some of the religious destinations include, Dwaraka Tirumala known with the name as Chinna Tirumala, Pancharama Kshetras of Palacole and Bhimavaram etc. Other destinatins of tourism importance are Perupalem Beach at Narasapuram, the Kolleru Lake being the largest fresh water in the country and a bird sanctuary, Dowleswaram Barrage and Godavari river etc.

Divisions

Districts of Andhra Pradesh

 

The district has four revenue divisions, namely Eluru, Jangareddigudem, Kovvur, and Narasapuram. These revenue divisions are divided into 48 mandals in the district. These 46 mandals consists of 881 villages, 1 municipal corporation, 7 municipalities and 5 census towns. Eluru is the only municipal corporation, 7 municipalities include, Kovvur, Narasapuram, Nidadavolu, Palakol, Tadepalligudem, Tanuku, Bhimavaram and the 5 census towns are Dwarakatirumala, Sanivarapupeta, Satrampadu, Gavaravaram and Tangellamudi.

Revenue divisions map of West Godavari district

Mandals

The list of 46 mandals in West Godavari district under 4 revenue divisions are listed in the following table

S.No 

  Eluru division     

Jangareddygudem    
Division

    Kovvur Division    

    Narasapuram Division   

1

Bhimadole

Buttayagudem

Attili

Achanta

2

Chintalapudi

Gopalapuram

Chagallu

Akiveedu

3

Denduluru

Koyyalagudem

Devarapalle

Bhimavaram

4

Dwaraka Tirumala

Kukkunoor

Iragavaram

Kalla

5

Eluru

Jeelugu Milli

Kovvur

Undi

6

Ganapavaram

Jangareddigudem

Nidadavolu

Mogalthur

7

Kamavarapukota

Polavaram

Penugonda

Narasapuram

8

Lingapalem

Velerupadu

Peravali

Palacoderu

9

Nallajerla

 

Penumantra

Palakollu

10

Nidamarru

 

Tallapudi

Poduru

11

Pedapadu

 

Tanuku

Veeravasaram

12

Pedavegi

 

Undrajavaram

Yelamanchili

13

Pentapadu

     

14

T.Narasapuram

     

15

Tadepalligudem

     

16

Ungutur

     

Constituencies

There are two parliamentary and 15 assembly constituencies in the district. The parliamentary constituencies are Eluru, and Narsapuram.

The Assembly constituencies are:

1.   Achanta

2.   Bhimavaram

3.   Chintalapudi (SC)

4.   Denduluru

5.   Eluru

6.   Gopalapuram

7.   Kovvur

8.   Nidadavole

9.   Narsapur

10. Palakol

11. Polavaram (ST)

12. Tadepalligudem

13. Tanuku

14. Undi

15. Unguturu

Transport

The district relies mostly on public transport such as, buses of APSRTC operating from all parts of the district. Most of the major highways and national highways pass through major towns in the district such as, AH 45, NH-16, NH-214A. South Central Railway division of Indian Railways operates many passenger and freight transport. Howrah-Chennai main line, Vijayawada–Nidadavolu loop line, Bhimavaram-Nidadavolu section, Bhimavaram–Narasapuram branch lines are the major lines and sections that provide rail connectivity in the district.

There are no air transport in the district, but has water transport. National Waterway 4 passes through the district and connects Vijayawada with Kakinada via Eluru canal. It has access to Bay of Bengal at Narsapuram.

Gallery

                          

Eluru Buddha Park                     Kolleru Lake                            Holy Land in Eluru                   Tirumala Gali Gopuram          Bridge connecting                                                                                                                                                                                                   Godavari districts         

Education

Literacy Rate of West Godavari District is 74.63% (Census 2011) making it the highly educated district in Andhra Pradesh state.

Universities

·         National Institute of Technology, Tadepalligudem(NIT,Tadepalligudem).

·         Dr YSR Horticultural University, Venkataramannagudem, Tadepalligudem.

·         Andhra University Campus at Tadepalligudem.